Indian is known the world over as The Home of Spices. The term spices applies to natural plant or vegetable products or mixtures in whole or ground form, which are used for imparting flavor, aroma and piquancy to the food items. Spices are also being used within the country for flavoring foods and in medicines, Pharmaceutical, perfumery, cosmetics and several other industries. The fame of Indian spices is older than the recorded history. It is believed that the Parthian wars were being fought by Rome largely to keep open the trade route to India. It is also said that Indian spices and her famed products were the main lure or crusades and expeditions to the East. The people of these times used spices, as we do today, to enhance or vary the flavors of their foods. Spices are made up of many parts of a plant such as fruits, roots, bark, flowers, leaves etc. Some spices add flavor to otherwise tasteless and bland food. Some are used for the beautification and garnishing of the food.
Indian Herbs are ethnic ingredients of staple Indian foods. Despite adding flavor to the rich cuisines, they exhibit incredible health benefits. Indian Herbs from the country India, have always been prevalent to the culture and history of India. According to Ayurveda, “Indian herbs are a significant part of the history of Ayurveda, the system of traditional medicine which is now popularly called alternative medicine.” Indian herbs are known for their medicinal properties. These medicinal herbs have been used since times immemorial. Even the ancient Indian text “Atharva Veda” mentions several medicinal herbs and their benefits. In modern times too, people are increasingly turning to medicinal herbs as a source of alternative therapy. One of the major benefits of medicinal herbs is that they have no major side effects. According to Ayurveda, Henna, Rhubarb, Liquorice, Psyllium Husk, Guggul, Sarsaparilla, Ginger-root, Aloe, Sandalwood and Basil, are a few of the many herbs used by the Indian culture of healing. Indian herbs that have become popular to Western culture, include turmeric, commonly used for the treatment of infections and boils and Kava-Kava, Some of the noted healing properties of Indian Herbs include, but are not limited to, abortifacients, analgesics, antiasthmatic, antibacterials, anti-inflammatories and antioxidants.
Oilseeds are seeds grown primarily for the production of edible oils. In the broader sense, peanuts and soybeans can be considered oilseeds. The history of oilseeds is closely tied with that of human civilization. Rapeseed and sesame were mentioned in the Indian Sanskrit writings of 2,000 BC, and sunflower was reported to be present in Arizona and New Mexico 3,000 years BC. Vegetable oil is obtained by pressing the seeds and then extracting the oil. The cake or meal obtained in the extraction is a rich source of proteins: sunflower and peanut meals contain 40–50% and 50–60% proteins, respectively. Other oilseed meals contain 35–45% proteins. Soybean, rapeseed, cottonseed, sunflower and peanut represent a 69, 12, 7, 5 and 3% of world protein meal production, respectively.
Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Dried beans, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. Pulses do not include crops which are harvested green (e.g. green peas, green beans)—these are classified as vegetable crops. Also excluded are those crops used mainly for oil extraction (e.g. soybean and groundnuts) and leguminous crops that are used exclusively for sowing purposes (e.g. seeds of clover and alfalfa).
Bird food or bird seed is food (often varieties of seeds, nuts, and/or dried fruits) consumed by wild and domestic birds. While most bird food is fed to commercial fowl (chicken, turkey), people also use bird food to feed their pet birds or provide a feeding site for wild birds.
A raisin is a dried grape. … In the United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand, and Australia, the word raisin is reserved for the dark-colored dried large grape, with sultana being a golden-colored dried grape, and currant being a dried small Black Corinth seedless grape.
Food is the third most important thing for living beings to provide energy and development, maintain life, or stimulate growth after air and water. It is one of the most complicated sets of chemicals. Food plays an important role in the promotion of health and disease prevention.